Setting up Business in India – What Foreign Companies Must Know

Foreign companies may set up business in India any kind of one of the next manners while retaining its status like a foreign company:

Liaison Offices – A foreign company can open a liaison office in India to take good care of its Indian operations, to promote its business interests, to spread awareness of the company’s products so you can explore further open positions. Liaison offices are not allowed to carry on any business or earn any income in India and expenses are in order to become borne by remittances from abroad.

Project Offices – The project office is the ideal method for companies to establish a home-based business presence in India, if the object is to have a presence for constrained period of schedule. It is essentially a branch office fitted with the limited purpose for executing a specific problem. Foreign companies engaged in turnkey construction or installation normally set-up a project office for their operations in India.

Branch Offices – Foreign companies involved in manufacturing and trading activities outside India may open branch offices for extra of:

oRepresenting the parent company or other foreign companies different matters in India, like acting as buying and selling agents.

oConducting research, wherein the parent company is engaged, provided the final results of this research are made there for Indian companies

oUndertaking export and import trading games.

oPromoting technical and financial collaborations between Indian and foreign companies.

Trading companies – Foreign companies may invest in trading companies engaged primarily in exports. Such trading companies are treated at par with domestic trading companies in accordance with the trade policy.

The RBI accords automatic approval for foreign equity up to 51 per cent for setting up trading companies engaged primarily in exports. All other proposals, which do not meet the criteria for automatic approval, can be addressed to the Foreign Investment Promotion Board, i.e. “FIPB”.

Wholly owned subsidiaries – Foreign companies may set up a wholly owned subsidiary, which is definitely an Indian Company a great independent legal status, distinct from the parent foreign company.

Under the current foreign investment policy, a wholly owned subsidiary can be established either underneath the automatic route, when the conditions specified therein are complied with (specific high priority industries) or get the approval from the FIPB.

Joint venture companies – Foreign companies may set up a joint venture company i.e. economical collaboration with an Indian business house/company in India, could be an Indian Company with an independent legal status, distinct from the parent foreign company.

Under the current foreign investment policy, a joint venture can be established either under the automated route, if the physical conditions specified therein are complied with or obtain an approval from the FIPB.

Foreign companies intending to construct any form of office already stated activities on the part of the parent company or foreign trading companies LLP Registration Online in India India for promotion of exports from India to be able to obtain a previous approval for the Reserve Bank by submitting an application in the prescribed form to the Central Office of Reserve Bank. On approval of such cases, permission is granted initially for a period of three years, subject to the condition that expenses of such office will met exclusively out of inward remittances; such offices are not permitted produce any income in India.

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